Fire resistant doors are specifically designed to reduce the rate at which fire spreads through a building. Their main role is to hold back the fire to enable you and your family to safely escape, but they also help restrict the spread of fire to the rest of the building for a period of time, which is a great advantage to fire fighters while they are fighting the fire – even more so if they need to rescue anyone who is trapped in the burning building.
What is the difference between a normal door and a fire door?
A fire resistant Doorset with smoke seals is made up of a door leaf (glazed or unglazed) and fittings manufactured with fire resistant materials. The fire doors are fitted with an intumescent strip along the sides and top of the door or door frame which expands when the temperature exceeds 200°C, effectively sealing the gaps between the door and the doorframe, thereby reducing the amount of smoke and hot gases that enter the house, room or hallway. Fire doors are available in a range of ratings that indicate how long the product can withstand heat and flames. The minimum rating is FD30 doors that protect life and offer 30 minutes fire resistance, but higher specification FD60 doors are also available, providing additional time and protection. Fire doors save lives. But they are also available in the majority of our wide range of designs, so you don’t have to compromise on looks to ensure your family are safe. T J Ross Joiners can make fire doors in virtually any style with or without glazed panels. Do I need fire doors in my home? Building Regulations now stipulate when a fire door is required.
- Integral Garage – if you have an integral garage, you will need a fire door between the garage and the home.
- 3 Storey House – if you have a three storey house, you will need fire doors throughout the corridor to safety – the route from the top floor to the ground floor exit.
Commercial buildings and Fire doors
The same principle applies to all commercial buildings, non-domestic and multi-occupancy premises, including offices, restaurants, shops, hotels, care homes, public buildings, high rise flats and privately rented apartments. All of these buildings should have properly installed and maintained fire doors to help save lives and property. Some scary fire statistics:
- 174 – building fires every day,
- 9,500 fatalities or casualties from fires in 2012-13,
- £1bn – total cost of insurance claims from fire damage in 2012-13.
- 47% of employees in a recent survey* have never been shown or told about the fire safety procedures at work.
- 51% of respondents in a recent survey* said they would look at the fire safety procedures on the back of a hotel bedroom door and familiarise themselves with the exit route – 49% don’t bother.